Color and Architecture

Although the subtle use of colors without knowing its impact has been used since forever, it was only until the 20th century that Architects started to realize the weight of its impact on the human brain. The psychology of every color stimulating certain emotions came to known and the trend to add emotions to the buildings through color became a much-needed trend.



The conscious use of color palette became almost a necessity. With the use of materials to bring out their natural color to add colorant to bring out human emotions in the user’s conscious, the palette was chosen delicately. With early Industrialization, it was more natural to bring out greys of concrete and steel and to create a formal touch to the buildings. Later with the use of glass, the silver-blue tones started to bring a more transparent feel to it. The early modern Architecture, which followed the path of minimalism with the hint of classicism, often used rustic tones of brown and green with white to emphasize the darker, more private comfort in the dwellings. Amidst all trends, many started to experiment with their concepts of color, mixing palettes to un-orthodox their buildings and to create something unique. This gave a distinct style to Contemporary Architecture all around and such buildings emerged that pleases the eyes with their perky spirit.


Kuggen Building - Gothemburg, Sweden
A Renaissance-inspired Building



BioMuseo by Frank O Gehry, represents Panama’s tropical palette and is an ode to its biodiversity

Now Trending

Currently, the color trend has taken a natural and more neutral approach where different materials are being used to add colors instead of colorants, the greys of the concrete mixed with the brown of the wood to the blue of the glass and the green of the plantation. It is no doubt that now sustainability is mandatory hence using plantations in various elevations and anywhere that can be healthy is in trend and thus keeping only the natural tones in trends. Other than that Pantone 2020 color of the year is Classic Blue while in 2019 it was Coral Pink which was more on the pastel side. It is no surprise to say we have come a full circle and now we seek eco-friendly practices and thus we see natural, stable, and balanced yet vibrant and alive colors around us.



The coming age of Gen Z the upcoming decade can be incorporated with much more vibrant and bold colours from the rainbow. The likely use of orange and purple seems fair in the future. Lately, with recent researches on the topic of inclusivity, colors have come to own a lot more credit in Architecture with its visual senses. Many have explored the concept of colors to create spaces for special abilities, like autism and with equality of people’s rights and choices to build a healthier and equal space to live in which can easily explain the impact of colors as something much more than just aesthetic. The future of Architecture should be inclusive, comforting, and sustainable and to create such future, one must know the impact every element in which colors hold their importance.